Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which can cause damage to a woman’s reproductive system if chlamydia is left untreated. In most cases, the symptoms of chlamydia are mild or are not present; however serious complications can arise. This includes infertility in women and penile discharge in men.
Gonorrhea is also a bacterial infection, caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Gonorrhea replicates and grows in warm, moist areas of the body, such as the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, urethra, mouth, throat, eyes and anus. Symptoms include a burning sensation when urinating for both men and women. Men can also have a white, yellow or green discharge from their penis, while women can experience vaginal discharge and bleeding.
Genital herpes can be caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2), though herpes simplex virus type 2 is the most common type for genital herpes. Genital herpes can be identified by one or more blisters on or around the genital area or rectum. When these blisters burst, they leave behind sores that will take two to four weeks to heal the first time.
HPV, or human papillomavirus infection, is a virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes, such as the penis, vulva, anus, lining of the vagina, cervix and rectum. While there are more than 40 types of HPV, two types cause genital warts (types 6 and 11) and another two types cause cervical cancer (types 16 and 18).
HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a incurable sexually transmitted disease that gradually destroys the immune system. Common side effects of HIV include fatigue, fever, headache, sore throat, swollen lymph glands and various rashes, like seborrheic dermatitis. HIV is blamed for the development of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS.
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Mohamed Bashir Sheik (Africa)
The Voice of Dadaab Refugee Communities